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The Relationship between Working Memory and Performance of Mathematics

  • THE KOREAN JOURNAL OF DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY
  • 2008, 21(1), pp.15-30
  • Publisher : The Korean Society For Developmental Psychology
  • Research Area : Social Science > Psychological Science

김억곤 1 Choi,Kyoung-Sook 1

1성균관대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between working memory and performance of mathematics. The subjects were 137 children from elementary school in Seoul. The independent variables were phonological span and visuospatial span. The dependent variables were the performance of arithmetics and geometry. A phonological span was measured in terms of adding together pairs of multi-digit numbers. A visuospatial span was measured in terms of reproducing the sequence. On each trial the participant observed the taps the experimenter made a sequence of blocks and then attempted to reproduce the sequence. Mathematical achievement test consisted of arithmetics and geometry problems. One way ANOVA was applied for each independent variable and for four groups divided by phonological and visuospatial span. The results of this experiment were as follows: First, the phonological loop appeared to operate in solving arithmetic problems. Second, the visuospatial pad appeared to operate in solving geometry problems. Third, different component of working memory took specialized role in mathematics. This result suggest that children with the difficulties in mathematics might have had specific deficit in working memory.

Citation status

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