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The Development of Implicit and Explicit Race Attitudes in Korean in the Multi-cultural Age

  • THE KOREAN JOURNAL OF DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY
  • 2010, 23(2), pp.125-140
  • Publisher : The Korean Society For Developmental Psychology
  • Research Area : Social Science > Psychological Science

BangHeeJeong 1 노경란 1 정수진 1

1이화여자대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This study examined how the explicit and implicit race attitudes differ according to age and sex from the developmental perspective in Koreans. Elementary school students(first grade:117, fourth grade:117), middle school students(138), high school students(138), and college school students(122) completed Implicit Association Tests (Korean-White/Korean-Black/ Korean-Southeast Asian IATs), and Explicit Preference Test. The effects of age and sex on and implicit and explicit attitudes toward Korean/White/Black/Southeast Asian were examined with 5(age)× 2(sex)× 3(race) three-way MANOVA. using mixed model. The results demonstrated that as age increases, in-group preference continued throughout the age, without sex effect. In contrast, out-group preference/bias presented different developmental aspects according to the level of implicit or explicit, age and race. The theoretical and practical implications of these findings were discussed.

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