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Sex and Peer Status Differences in Empathizing and Systemizing: Data From Korean 6 graders

  • THE KOREAN JOURNAL OF DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY
  • 2010, 23(4), pp.127-148
  • Publisher : The Korean Society For Developmental Psychology
  • Research Area : Social Science > Psychological Science

박찬옥 1 Ghim, Hei-rhee 1

1충북대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

According to Baron-Cohen (2003), differences between male and female could be explained by two psychological dimensions: empathizing and systemizing. Systemizing is the drive to analyze systems or construct systems, and empathizing is the drive to identify mental states and respond to these with an appropriate emotion. Sex and peer status differences of mindreading abilities, empathizing and systemizing were tested with Korean 6th graders. Students were given TOM tasks and self-report questionnaires assessing the systemizing, empathizing and autistic tendencies: SQ-C, EQ-C and AQ-C. More females and popular students were categorized as the “empathizer” in whom empathizing is stronger than systemizing, but more males and rejected students were as the “systemizer” in whom systemizing is stronger than empathizing. In addition, the systemizers scored significantly higher than the empatizer on the AQ-C, suggesting that people with high systemizing have higher levels of autistic features.

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