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Preschool Children’s Reasoning about the Temporal Order of Past and Future Events and Executive Function

  • THE KOREAN JOURNAL OF DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY
  • 2014, 27(4), pp.51-72
  • Publisher : The Korean Society For Developmental Psychology
  • Research Area : Social Science > Psychological Science

윤주인 1 Park, Young Shin 1

1경북대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This study investigated the development of children’s reasoning about the temporal order of past and future events and its relationship to the executive function. Ninety 3-, 4-, and 5-year-old children were given two reasoning tasks and three tasks that measured three aspects of executive function: inhibitory control, working memory and switching. 1) For the temporal-reasoning task, 3-, 4-, and 5-year-old children succeeded in the task that involved reasoning about the order of past events; whereas only 5-year-old children were successful in the future reasoning task. 2) For the event order tasks, 3-, 4-, and 5-year-old children did not succeed in the past events task, and only 5-year-old children succeeded in the future task. 3) Children’s performance in tasks that involved future events were not related to their performance in tasks that involved past events in both reasoning tasks. 4) Reasoning about the temporal order of past events indicated a significant positive relationship to switching, even when age and comprehension of the word ‘before’ and ‘after’ were taken into account. On the contrary, reasoning about future events was related to none of the three aspects of executive function.

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