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An Exploration of the Effects of Using a Human Body Diagram and Children’s Temperament on the Accuracy of Children’s Memory

  • THE KOREAN JOURNAL OF DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY
  • 2016, 29(3), pp.75-93
  • Publisher : The Korean Society For Developmental Psychology
  • Research Area : Social Science > Psychological Science

Seungjin Lee 1 김호영 2 Park Seol Gi 2

1건국대학교
2대검찰청

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The objective of this study was to empirically explore how using additional tools, such as a human body diagram (HBD), during an investigative interview with children affects the accuracy of the children’s recall. To this end, 80 children aged 5-8 living in the Seoul metropolitan area were assessed according to their age, temperaments, and the use of a HBD during interview. The results showed that the effects of using a HBD varied in accordance with the children’s age and temperaments. Among school-age children, the use of a HBD did not significantly vary in accordance with the degree of the children’s shyness, but it did vary in accordance with the degree of shyness in non-school age children. More specifically, non-school age children who displayed a higher degree of shyness answered more accurately to yes or no forced-choice questions and also showed higher resistance to questions containing suggestive information given by the interviewer. Based on these empirical findings, this study discussed the value of the use of additional tools that consider the interviewees’ age and temperamental attributes during investigative interviews with children.

Citation status

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