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Communicative Perspective-taking: The Egocentric Bias and the Role of Executive Function

  • THE KOREAN JOURNAL OF DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY
  • 2016, 29(4), pp.81-100
  • Publisher : The Korean Society For Developmental Psychology
  • Research Area : Social Science > Psychological Science

Hyeon Jin Lee 1 권은영 1 전시현 1

1영남대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

We attempted to investigate whether egocentric biases are common in communicative perspective- taking and whether individual differences in communicative perspective-taking could be attributed to executive function. Twenty six 4-year-old children and 20 college students were tested. The results indicated that both children and adults took their egocentric perspectives at the beginning stage, but adults switched these to another’s perspective very quickly. Therefore egocentric perspective-taking occurred more often in children than in adults. These findings could be interpreted in terms of the dual-process account proposed by Keysar et al. We also explored the relationship between communicative perspective-taking and executive function. The results indicated that individual differences in communicative perspective-taking were correlated with inhibitory control and working memory in both children and adults. However, inhibitory control was the only variable that predicted communicative perspective-taking in children and adults.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.

This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.