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The effect of children’s perception of parental reactions to children’s negative emotions on defender’s role in bullying:The mediating role of children’s empathy

  • THE KOREAN JOURNAL OF DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY
  • 2019, 32(1), pp.1-21
  • DOI : 10.35574/KJDP.2019.03.32.1.1
  • Publisher : The Korean Society For Developmental Psychology
  • Research Area : Social Science > Psychological Science
  • Received : January 11, 2019
  • Accepted : February 28, 2019

Jae-Jin Ok 1 Jeong, Yoonkyung 1

1가톨릭대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The present study is designed to investigate the mediating effect of child empathy on parental reactions to children's negative emotional expression and the defender's role in bullying. To this end, 384 fifth and sixth graders were asked to complete questionnaires including Coping with Children's Negative Emotion Scale(CCNES), Children's Versions of the Empathy Quotient(EQ-C) and Participant Role Questionnaire(PRQ). Our results reveal that supportive parental reactions to children's negative emotion has a significant positive effect on both cognitive and emotional empathy. Also, empathy is significantly related to children's defense responses for victims and is negatively related to bullying-supporting and onlooking behaviors. In particular, it was found that cognitive empathy did not have a significant effect on the bullying-supporting responses both in male and female students, whereas emotional empathy had a significant impact on bullying attitudes. Finally, supportive responses for children’s negative emotional expressions were found to influence the defense responses of bullying victims through building empathy in children.

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