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Drawing attention to recipients’ emotional and physical characteristics promotes generous resource allocations in preschoolers

  • THE KOREAN JOURNAL OF DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY
  • 2019, 32(1), pp.127-139
  • DOI : 10.35574/KJDP.2019.03.32.1.127
  • Publisher : The Korean Society For Developmental Psychology
  • Research Area : Social Science > Psychological Science
  • Received : January 15, 2019
  • Accepted : March 5, 2019

Jewan Park 1 Hyun Joo SONG 1 한규옥 2 PARK CHAERIN 1

1연세대학교
2연세대학교 심리학과

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This study examined whether enhanced attention to other’s emotional and physical characteristics can promote 4-year-olds’ (N = 107) sharing behavior in a dictator game. In this experiment, participants distributed 10 stickers between themselves and a monkey puppet in a picture. Before starting the game, children in emotion condition were asked to guess how the recipient monkey would feel (happy, neutral or sad) after receiving stickers to draw children’s attention to recipient. Children in the appearance condition were asked to think about the color of monkey’s shoes. In control condition, children participated in a standard dictator game without any previous instruction. As a result, children in the emotion and appearance condition distributed significantly more stickers to the recipient than those in the control condition. This result suggests that enhanced attention to recipients’ emotional and physical characteristics can enhance children’s fair behavior in a resource sharing task.

Citation status

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This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.