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The Relationship between Maternal Cognitive and Emotional Support during Play and Children’s Cognitive Flexibility: The Mediating Role of Interest

  • THE KOREAN JOURNAL OF DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY
  • 2019, 32(3), pp.99-119
  • DOI : 10.35574/KJDP.2019.09.32.3.99
  • Publisher : The Korean Society For Developmental Psychology
  • Research Area : Social Science > Psychological Science
  • Received : July 15, 2019
  • Accepted : August 23, 2019
  • Published : September 15, 2019

Seo-hee Ahn 1 Jeong, Yoonkyung 1

1가톨릭대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

In this study, the effects of maternal cognitive support and emotional support during play on children’s cognitive flexibility were examined. Specifically, the mediating role of interest in the relationship between maternal support and cognitive flexibility was investigated. Fifty-four children aged four and five years and their mothers participated in this study. Mothers’ behaviors during play were videotaped and analyzed. Interest was measured by inquiring about children’s emotions and persistence. Children’s cognitive flexibility was measured by the DCCS (Dimensional Change Card Sort) task. The results of this study following: First, there was a significant difference in children’s interest and cognitive flexibility according to maternal support. Cognitive support was negatively correlated to children’s cognitive flexibility, and emotional support was positively correlated to cognitive flexibility. Second, the mediating effect of interest was significant for the relationship between maternal support and children’s cognitive flexibility. These findings suggest that maternal cognitive and emotional support during play may be important factors that contribute to children’s interest and cognitive flexibility.

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