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What Makes the Difference in Reactivity to Failure: Examining the Roles of Happiness, Goal Perception, Grit, Age and Gender

  • THE KOREAN JOURNAL OF DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY
  • 2021, 34(3), pp.43-65
  • DOI : 10.35574/KJDP.2021.9.34.3.43
  • Publisher : The Korean Society For Developmental Psychology
  • Research Area : Social Science > Psychological Science
  • Received : April 15, 2021
  • Accepted : August 31, 2021
  • Published : September 15, 2021

Jin, Yemin 1 Bae, You Jin 1 Sujin Yang 1

1이화여자대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to examine whether individual characteristics, such as happiness, goal perception, grit, age, and gender, caused differences in reactivity to failure (i.e., failure-is-enhancing mindset, failure tolerance, learned helplessness, and fear of failure). A total of 449 undergraduate students aged 18-25 were recruited for a web-based survey study. The multiple indicators multiple causes (MIMIC) model offered a good fit of the data and indicated that individuals were significantly different in their reactivity to failure. Specifically, both happier individuals and those with clearer goal-perception reacted more positively to all failure-associated reactivities (p<.05). However, other relationships such as those between grittiness, learned helplessness, and fear of failure; age and reactivity types other than fear of failure; and gender and fear of failure, were not significant. The implications and limitations of this study are further discussed.

Citation status

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