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Reduced graphene oxide wrapped ZnFe2O4 nanospheres as selective magnetically recyclable Photocatalysts under visible light irradiation

  • Carbon Letters
  • Abbr : Carbon Lett.
  • 2022, 32(7), pp.1703-1714
  • DOI : 10.1007/s42823-022-00372-4
  • Publisher : Korean Carbon Society
  • Research Area : Natural Science > Natural Science General > Other Natural Sciences General
  • Received : May 18, 2022
  • Accepted : June 23, 2022
  • Published : December 1, 2022

Aruljothi C. 1 Manivel P. 2 Vasuki T. 3

1Department of Physics, P.K.R Arts College for Women, Gobichettipalayam
2Centre for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
3Department of Physics, P.K.R Arts College for Women

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Magnetically separable and reusable zinc ferrite/reduced graphene oxide (ZnFe2O4/rGO) nanocomposite has been prepared by hydrothermal method. The results illustrate that the construction of ZnFe2O4 and rGO occur concurrently in a hydrothermal reaction that initiates the formation of rGO-wrapped ZnFe2O4 nanospheres. The morphological and structural features of the ZnFe2O4/rGO nanocomposites reveal that the rGO nanosheets anchored to the ZnFe2O4 sphere act as a self-protective clamping layer to avoid the photo corrosion effect under photo irradiations. The nanocomposites express the soft magnetic behavior with high saturation magnetization under annealing temperature at 300 °C, which may attribute to the well-defined crystalline structure and surface defects. In addition, the GZF 300 nanocomposites exhibit the enhanced photocatalytic degradation over Rhodamine B dye which is 3.4, 1.15, and 1.32 times higher than that of ZF, GZF, and GZF 600 over under visible irradiation in 120 min. The GZF 300 nanocomposites demonstrate their ability to degrade RhB efficiently, even after several photocatalysis cycles with high catalyst recovery by its magnetically separable behavior. The high densities of oxygen defects improvise electron transfer from ZnFe2O4 to rGO and delay the recombination process of the nanocomposite, resulting in enhanced visible photocatalytic activity. The strong magnetic properties of rGO wrapped ZnFe2O4 nanocomposite catalysts the easy separation from the suspension system for multiple usages in water treatment.

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