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A Historical Research on the Characteristics of Large-scale Disasters in Korea

  • Crisisonomy
  • Abbr : KRCEM
  • 2016, 12(4), pp.17-36
  • Publisher : Crisis and Emergency Management: Theory and Praxis
  • Research Area : Social Science > Public Policy > Public Policy in general

CHOI, CHOONGIK 1 kim chulmin 1

1강원대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This study aims to explore the characteristics of large-scale disaster accidents using a historical approach, by assessing the main features of natural disasters in Korea by a heuristic method. We searched 360 large-scale disaster accidents in Korea occurred from 1945 to 2015 including 158 maritime accidents and 98 land transportation accidents. The results provide several important implications as follows. Firstly, most of accidents before 1960s were caused mainly by the lack of experience and management skills. Secondly, large-scale disasters increased dramatically along with economic growth and urbanization during the period from 1961 to 1980. Thirdly, it is notable that land transportation accidents decreased, while aircraft accidents increased during the period 1981 to 2000. Fourthly, the frequency of domestic large-scale disasters has been decreasing since 2000, whereas that of overseas large-scale disasters has been increasing.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.

This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.