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Group storytelling with multi-storyteller in single person media game contents on Youtube—focused on viewer-participating contents in <Daedoseogwan TV(buzzbean11)> channel

  • Journal of Popular Narrative
  • 2021, 27(2), pp.107-142
  • DOI : 10.18856/jpn.2021.27.2.004
  • Publisher : The Association of Popular Narrative
  • Research Area : Interdisciplinary Studies > Interdisciplinary Research
  • Received : May 10, 2021
  • Accepted : June 14, 2021
  • Published : June 30, 2021

Hye Bin Kil 1 Soyoung Kim 1

1경희대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Emergence of new media platform had changed relationship between the broadcaster and the viewer, which used to form ‘performer-audience’ structure. This research has focused on the transition of ‘streamer-viewer’ role in single-media broadcasting, such as Youtube or Twitch, and identify how they progress group storytelling as a team. Walter Benjam and Leslie Marmon Silko’s notion of ‘story and storyteller’ and Erving Goffman’s ‘social role theory’ was used to define participants’ role in new media broadcasting. <Daedoseogwan(buzbean11> channel, on Youtube, was selected and analyzed as example case. The domain of ‘front stage’ was broadened in recorded contents comparing to live streaming. The audience of live streaming is included to the front stage during the expansion. The role of streamer, game participant, and live stream contents viewer is also adjusted during the change, which leads to group-creation of the contents. Streamer plays a role of main-storyteller and suggest identity of the community. Game participants work as sub-storyteller, filling in the blank space in game storytelling and making it sophisticated. They also perform based on community’s identity, which streamer has built in advance. Lastly, live steam viewers are intermittent sub-storyteller, which seldom add up the narrative. Though, their main role is to preserve identity of game broadcasting community by reacting according to community’s identity. As a result, the game broadcasting narrative is developed by combining and adding up pieces of story made in different level and role of participants. The research redefine the role of viewer and storytelling method in new media, especially in single-person broadcasting. Considering the rapid shift in recent media and contents, a new approach to the streamer-veiwer role and group storytelling of this research can be one of the new method to analyze contents produced in new media, such as Youtube.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.