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A Study on Familism and Hyo(Filial Piety)-Culture in Yin(殷) Dynasty

  • Journal of Korean Hyo Studies
  • 2017, (25), pp.1-23
  • Publisher : The Korean Hyo Studies Association
  • Research Area : Humanities > Other Humanities
  • Published : June 30, 2017

Duk-kyun Kim 1

1성산효대학원대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The beginning of the Clan Rules system usually refers to the state of the Zhou(周) Dynasty. But its roots can be found in the Yin(殷) Dynasty. The law system is a prototype of Chinese culture that developed familism and family culture. The starting point of the Hyo(孝, Filial piety) culture in China is also rooted in the Clan Rules and familism. However, the beginning of the concept of Hyo in the Era of the Yin Dynasty is not the meaning of elderly reverence and parental respect based on the natural nature of pure human nature. It was a political tool for the legitimacy and justification of the ruler. It was a religious act and an expression of a strong commitment to the political order. The sacrifice was far from ordinary life or contents. There is a system of law behind the powerful feudal order, and it was the ancestor worship that made it possible, and the idea stemming from it was the efficacy concept. The first concept of Hyo was very political. The notion of efficacy is used to maintain the power of the constitutionally conscious society. Therefore, it is a natural result that the word 'Hyo (老:elder + 子:young)', which contains the meaning of parental honor, is not seen in the Yin Dynasty. Instead, the notion of 'Hyo (封:feudal+子:young)', which contains political meaning, came out. An unfilial came from this background and became the greatest sin.

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