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A Study on the Determinant Factors of the Current Koreans

  • Journal of Korean Hyo Studies
  • 2019, (29), pp.21-49
  • DOI : 10.34228/khyosa.2019.29.21
  • Publisher : The Korean Hyo Studies Association
  • Research Area : Humanities > Other Humanities
  • Received : April 25, 2019
  • Accepted : June 19, 2019
  • Published : June 30, 2019

Ryu, Sang-Hee 1 Byongsam Jung 2 Gyun Yeol Park 3

1청주교육대학교
2육군3사관학교
3경상대학교

Candidate

ABSTRACT

This study aims to identify determinant factors of marriage among Korean adults by analyzing the results of national survey conducted by Korea Institute for Health and Social Affairs (KIHSA) in 2015. Most of researchers also intend to suggest academic and policy implications based on literature review of Koreans' determinants of marriage. Contemporary Korean society is suffering reduction of population, labor productivity, and marriage influenced by chronic economic depression, unemployment, and social change from status elevation to personal happiness. The results of the national survey of KIHSA showed that about 60% of the male respondents revealed favorable opinion toward marriage while the female counterparts showed only 40% of the favorable response toward marriage. The literature indicated that there are principles of essentiality, convertibility, and compensation which are based on personal assessment of value for pursing compensation through the marriage. The standard of the mate selection was most favorable toward personality both for the male and female respondents, however, the female respondents selected economic power as the second most important determinant while the male counterparts love and care. The level of education becomes a merit to males while it exerts an adversary effect on females. The survey also suggested that young people have high burden for housing, wedding cost in their preparation of marriage, therefore the government should support the newly weds. The results of this study indicate that Korean society should accept the change of view among the young adults on the marriage and of diversity of forms of family.

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