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The Effect of Temperament and Character on Mental Health in University Students -Focusing on the mediating effect of character-

  • Journal of Korean Hyo Studies
  • 2023, (38), pp.19-44
  • DOI : 10.34228/khyosa.2023.38.19
  • Publisher : The Korean Hyo Studies Association
  • Research Area : Humanities > Other Humanities
  • Received : November 30, 2023
  • Accepted : December 21, 2023
  • Published : December 31, 2023

Noh, Seong Hyun 1 chae kyoung sun 2

1모은 상담심리연구소
2성산효대학원대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Background: According to Cloninger's personality model, factors in the temperament and character affect an individual's cognition, emotion, and behavior independently or through interaction between temperament and character. Through studies using the Temperament and Character Inventory(TCI-RS) developed based on Cloninger's theory, the relationship between temperament/character and psychopathology such as anxiety or depression has been confirmed. However, there is a lack of research to identify the relationship between temperament/character and non-pathological level of mental health experienced in daily life. If the relationship between temperament/character and mental health is identified, it will be possible to help discover and deal with potential risk factors for mental health through individual temperament and character traits. Purpose: The purpose of this study is to examine the affect of temperament and character factors on mental health and to verify the mediating effect of character in the affect of temperament on mental health. Methodology/Approach: The subjects of this study were 330 university students who were surveyed by temperament/character scale and mental health scale, and the effects of temperament/character on mental health and the mediating effects of character were verified using Baron & Kenny's three-step mediated regression analysis. Findings/Conclusions: First, factors that significantly affect mental health were identified as novelty seeking, harm avoidance, reward dependence, persistence, and self-directedness. Second, self-directedness showed a complete mediating effect in‘the relationship between novelty seeking and mental health’and ‘the relationship between persistence and mental health’, and a partial mediating effect in‘the relationship between harm avoidance and mental health’. Implications: This study is significant in that it identified the vulnerability of mental health through temperament and character traits and provided a basis for using self-directedness as a means of intervention in mental health problems.

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