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Post-nominal Particles Functioning as NPIs in Korean

  • 인문논총
  • 2015, 36(), pp.117-134
  • Publisher : Institute for Human studies, Kyungnam University
  • Research Area : Humanities > Other Humanities
  • Published : February 28, 2015

hasunjung 1 Taeho Kim 1

1부산대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study is to suggest a new approach to the investigation of negative polarity itemsin Korean. We have proposed that post-nominal particles such as -to, -pakkey, and -cocha(to) may need to betreated as NPIs rather than as concession markers or as mere particles. The study categorizes NPIs in Koreanlargely into two different groups, namely NPIs occurring as post-nominal particles and those appearing in lexicalforms. For NPIs in the form of post-nominal particles, it argues that some function in two different ways. For example, there are two different uses of the particle -to in Korean, i.e. an NPI and a mere additive marker. Therefore, only the one that is used as an NPI in a negative construction should be treated as an instance ofNPI, and the one that does not appear in a negative sentence needs to be regarded as a mere additive marker. This study also discusses when and how some expressions in a positive construction can function as NPIs insteadof PPIs.

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