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Causal Relationship between Political Regime and Civic Engagement in Korea

  • 인문논총
  • 2017, 42(), pp.81-100
  • Publisher : Institute for Human studies, Kyungnam University
  • Research Area : Humanities > Other Humanities
  • Published : February 28, 2017

Kim, Kwangsoo 1

1대신대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This paper examines the causal relationship between political regime and civic engagement in Korea between 1945 and 2012 using a logistic growth curve model derived from population ecology of organization. This paper focuses on the effect of political regime on the growth of civic organizations in number, fully taking into account the interplay among civic engagement, political development, and economic development. This paper finds that military regime suppressed initial growth potential of civic organizations expected under the earlier semi-democratic regime while the democratic regime revives the growth of civic organizations that surpasses the level expected under the first regime. This paper also finds that some types of civic organizations do not strictly follow this general pattern, either showing a greater growth potential under the military regime than under the semi-democratic regime or a growth pattern that is neutral to regime characteristics. Under the assumption that current regime would persist, this paper estimates the future growth trend and predict that total number of civic organizations in Korea will continue to increase in years, yet this paper also finds the specific future growth trend will vary based on the type of organization.

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