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Political Literature of Eochon Shim Eon Gwang from the Reign of Jung Jong

  • 인문논총
  • 2017, 43(), pp.47-63
  • Publisher : Institute for Human studies, Kyungnam University
  • Research Area : Humanities > Other Humanities
  • Published : June 30, 2017

KIM MYUNG JOON 1

1한림대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to clarify the meaning of political literature of Shim Eon Gwang from the Reign of King Jungjong. Shim was a close servant of King Jungjong and he served in various major posts with relatively good understanding of King Jungjong's intentions. For that reason, it seems that he tried to resolve King Jungjong’s concerns through literature activities. King Jungjong's complex related to the succession of throne was overcome by a certain degree through Shim's eulogy for Queen Jeonghyeon. Queen Jeonghyeon was compared to the mother of King Moon and King Moo to justify King Jungjong's enthronement. Shim also agreed to King Jungjong's borrowing of authority of the Emperor of Ming Dynasty to fight the political powers that threatened him and engaged in diplomatic activities through poetry as the diplomatic delegation. He suggested the righteous attitude for the entire government officials and emphasized that the essence should be the loyalty. However, Shim was not a missionary who only worked to understand and spread King Jungjong's message. He had a dream to make Joseon an ideal state during the reign of King Jungjong. He sang about King Jungjong's enthronement on the surface, but he actually intended to make King Jungjong like an ancient ruler. He emphasized the loyalty of servants, but did not forget to mention that it is conditional faith that should be given only with freedom of speech. His diplomatic poems were the outcomes of his determination to make Joseon a civilized state like the Ming Dynasty while following King Jungjung's alliance with Ming. In conclusion, he believed that the king's appointment and positive use of competent manpower could make Joseon an ideal state, so King Jungjong was not his purpose, but a political tool.

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