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Ontology of simulacrum in Deleuze’s philosophy

  • 인문논총
  • 2019, 49(), pp.5-28
  • DOI : 10.33638/JHS.49.1
  • Publisher : Institute for Human studies, Kyungnam University
  • Research Area : Humanities > Other Humanities
  • Received : May 6, 2019
  • Accepted : June 7, 2019
  • Published : June 30, 2019

유윤영 1

1부산대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

In this paper I aim to study the meaning of Deleuze's critique of representation and Platonism in Deleuze's philosophy. In Deleuze's philosophy, critique of representation has two aspects: the overturning of Platonism and the affirmation of simulacrum. Platonism divides the Form, the copy, and the simulacrum into a hierarchical structure, because Platonism is the philosophy of absolute identity that reduces the differences into the system of identity. However, Deleuze says that the simulacrum has an ontological entity that can not be reduced to the original. For Deleuze, simulacrum is a condition that can overturn Platonism within it. This is because the simulacrum is a pure difference that can not be reduced to the original. Therefore affirming the simulacrum leads to a pure difference, that is a new thought. The pure difference in Deleuze's philosophy appears to be heterogeneous, which can not be reduced to identity. In this respect, the simulacrum raises the question of new thinking. Deleuze argues art as a simulacrum, not as an imitation of something. So art is a constant stream of creation that can not be assumed to be a privileged viewpoint or a center and can not be captured in the form of representation. The film <Vertigo> is linked to Platonism in a traditional point of view, but shows heterogeneous elements that can not be grasped in the form of representation.

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