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The Origin of Fascist Aesthetics in Antiquity - The Critical Analysis of Totalitarian Discourse in Plato's Philosophy

  • 인문논총
  • 2024, 64(), pp.157-185
  • DOI : 10.33638/JHS.64.7
  • Publisher : Institute for Human studies, Kyungnam University
  • Research Area : Humanities > Other Humanities
  • Received : April 30, 2024
  • Accepted : June 4, 2024
  • Published : June 30, 2024

Seo, Jeongyeon 1

1

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The National Socialism of the Third Reich aestheticized politics, transposing the function of political life from a meaningful struggle over political questions to an aesthetic experience, leading to what Walter Benjamin called the “aestheticization of politics.” Plato is known for a deep and pervasive influence on the ideology of National Socialism, and my research has aimed to discover whether and/or how Plato󰡑s philosophy, particularly from Republic, influenced the manifestation of aestheticized politics in the National Socialism of the Third Reich. The National Socialists saw the state organizations Plato examined in Republic as blueprints for an ideal government founded on the primacy and eugenic cultivation of noble blood through the education of youth, as well as the elevation of statecraft to an art form. After an examination of the areas of thought from which the National Socialists explicitly drew from Plato, my conclusion is that the National Socialists often distorted the source material to fit Plato into the mold that they had created for him.

Citation status

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