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ROK's PKO and Governance Change in Countries experienced civil war

Kim, InSoo 1

1육군사관학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The achievements of ROK's Peace-keeping activities international society has been evaluated just by humanitarian performance or its contribution to promoting South Korea's international status. The goal of this study is to replace this perspective with new approach for two reasons. Firstly, PKO is supposed to help establish sustainable peace in the countries in the middle of civil war. Secondly, it is widely accepted that good governance is a requirement for sustainable peace. Therefore, this study examines the extent to which South Korean PKO improved governance in six countries to which South Korea sent troop to participate in UN PKOs (East Timor, Afghanistan, Haiti, Iraq, Somalia, and Lebanon). The analysis on Worldwide Governance Indicator demonstrates that governance was improved in East Timor(rules of law), Afghanistan(rules of law), and Haiti(political stability), even though a specific area of governance that experienced improvement varied across countries. In Iraq and Lebanon(political stability) and in Somalia(social accountability), however, governance was deteriorated in spite of international intervention. In order to explain this variation, this study used Mason and Fett's expected utility model to suggest two hypotheses. Major findings go as follows. Firstly, governance was improved where international society successively decreased possibility that civil war parties win military victory and increased utility that is expected to get from international society by ending the use of violence. Secondly, military engagement by international forces was helpless unless it can prevent civil war party from using violence to win military victory. Thirdly, South Korean PKOs have not necessarily been integrated into international effort to establish sustainable peace. However, this was not decisive factor to improve governance in civil war countries. Finally, we suggest policy alternatives regarding an improvement direction for South Korean PKO on the basis of these findings.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.