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General Kim Hong-il and Han river defensive operation in early Korean war

Dongwon Lee 1

1서울대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The Han river defensive operation that Siheung theater commander, Kim Hong-il led, have a historical significance because it was the first battle that recover the early failures of Korean war under the clear notion of ‘delaying tactics.’This tactics had became the fundamental concept of the ROK army operations in Korean war until Nak-dong river defensive operations. The Han river defensive operation also contributed to the U.S. ground troops deployment as it gave the opportunity of General Macarthur's inspection for the front line. Moreover, it secured the time and space to engage the U.S. ground troops in warfare. Hereby a big turning point, the formation of ROK-US combined operations, was created. For such a reason, the role of Siheung theater commander, Kim Hong-il who successfully led the 6 days’ Han river defensive operation has a important meaning in Korean war history. Since then, Kim Hong-il came into conflict with the U.S. commanders and the military advisory group, and he was discharged as a lieutenant general in March 1951 as a means of president Rhee’s controlling the military. But he should be reviewed again as a representative of ROK army in Korean war history.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.