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Gyeongsang - do During Mongol Invasion of Korea

YOON Yonghyouck 1

1공주대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Mongol invasion in the thirteenth century brought severe damage to Gyeongsang-do region which had yet to directly experience the horror of war. In 1232, the wooden printing blocks of Buddhist scripture collection held at Buinsa Temple in Daegu were destroyed. In 1238, Hwangryongsa Temple in Gyeongju, with its nine-story tower, burnt down. The destructive hands of the Mongol army did not stop at Hwangryongsa Temple, destroying Heungryunsa Temple and Bunhwangsa Temple; the entire region of Gyeongju fell victim to the invading forces. While surviving records are extremely limited, this paper estimates that, in response to the Mongol invasion, entry into castles or islands was widespread across Gyeongsang-do from the early days of the invasion till the very end. In Gyeongsang-do, Sangjusansung Castle in Sangju and Gongsansung Castle in Daegu were key fortresses. In Gyeongju, Busansung Castle was of importance whereas those in Jinju moved to Namhaedo Island. In 2010, thirteenth-century remains of group living were discovered in Yeonjado Island off the coast of Ulsan. The author took this to be the remains of island entrance led by the government at the time of the invasion. The remains are dated to a period between 1254 to 1256, when the Mongol invasion into Gyeongsang-do region was in full stride; the author estimates that the group which moved into Yeonjado Island came from Gyeongju.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.