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A comparative Study in the Military Strategies Adopted by Nazi Germany and Soviet Russia respectively at the Initial Stage of the Russo-German War during the Second World War's period

전갑기 1 Lee,Jongho 2

1육군군사연구소
2건양대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This is the study on the implications of military strategies in the initial stage of the Germany-USSR War in 1941. The military strategy of Germany Army has been researched and received partially as the military doctrine in the Korean Army. On the other hand, it has widely believed that the USSR’s victory over the Germany in World War Ⅱ mainly depended upon its glacial winter climate and the huge territory. Since the 17th century, Russia(USSR) has undergone many armed conflicts, and nowadays it occupies the second place of the military capability in the world and is also known as the state led developed in the military affairs. So I emphasized that USSR’s military strategy must be concretely studied, by freeing from ideological and western bias. And to prepare for the future warfare, we need to study steadily and objectively estimate Russian military strategy, and research the implications of it. In this sense, both the validity of strategic plan and the efficiency in prosecution of the strategy are to be comparatively analyzed. The validity of strategic plan is compared by the requirements of strategy (adaptability, feasibility, acceptability), and the latter is comparatively estimated by the elements of concentrated essence of strategy and tactics’ which Liddell Hart presented in his book ‘Strategy’. And this paper concludes with the implications of both armies’ strategy. Although Germany’s victory required success in destroying the Red Army and capturing Leningrad and Ukraine, constant and random counterattacks of the Red Army saved the USSR. This study implies that there is no perfect strategic plan, but we need to recognize strategically efficient chances in developed situations and effectively exploit the ideas for achievement of the ultimate end.

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