본문 바로가기
  • Home

US-Soviets Military Cooperation regarding the Soviet Union’s participation in Counter-Japanese War during World War II - Focused on the role of 'Lend-lease Act' and 'Project Hula' -

Heonyong Sim 1

1국방부군사편찬연구소

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Unlike the generalization of US-Soviets conflicts during the period of the Cold War, they have maintained the mutually cooperative relationships during the period of World War II. Especially, during the Second World War, the US and the Soviets developed mutual cooperation efforts against the common enemy fascist Germany and Japanese militarism. The partnership between the US and the Soviets began in earnest when the US Lend-lease Act was extended to the Soviets after the Germany invasion of Poland and Czech Republic in September 1939. In June 1941, when Germany attacked Soviet Union and in December 1941, Japan attacked US respectively, the partnership of US-Soviets has been more strengthened. This article intends to explore the relationship of US-Soviets cooperation during the World War II in context of the participation of Soviet army in anti-Japanese War and the 'Lend-lease Act'. The United States has called for the Soviets to participate in the war against Japan during a series of wartime talks. Compensation for war participation of Soviet Union was military support and in the recovery of territory and the expansion of influence that had been lost. This article analyzed in relation to the historical facts how the exchange of views between the leaders of two countries and the changes in military strategy of the two countries had been developed due to changes in the war situation. this area has not been highlighted in domestic academic circles. In particular, I have been interested in the military cooperation between US-Soviets, which was deepened during the preparation of the list of additional logistical support requested by the Soviet Union after their decision to participate in the war against Japan. The 5th Moscow protocol, named as Milepost program, not only provided military supplies and equipment, but also extended training Soviets soldiers to operate advanced weapons, equipment, and warships. This secret cooperation project, called 'project Hula’, demonstrates the extent to which military cooperation between the two countries against the common enemy has reached. However, in the Cold War era, which was established immediately after World WarⅡ, the military cooperation of US-Soviet was no longer developed and the project which had been carried out was also secretly buried.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.