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A Study on the Installation of Horse Ranch in Suwon Dohobu in the Early period of Joseon

Yi Hong Du 1

1홍익대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

When Ming dynasty claimed the sovereignty of Tamra to take over Jeju Ranch, Taejong regarded it as a military crisis and transferred 2,000 stallions of Jeju Ranch to Jindo and Ganghwado. And he had a horse ranch installed on the coast and islands of the mainland. Sejong inherited Taejong's intention of installing mainland horse ranches and installed horse ranches in Hongwon peninsula of Namyang bay and in several islands. Suwon Dohobu's horse ranch installation consists of three parts. The first one is the background of horse ranch installation. Here we consider why the early Joseon was more active in horse ranch installation than Goryeo dynasty. Goryeo dynasty also needed cavalries to cope with the northern province like the early Joseon, but, Yeojin tributed Daldan horses to the early Goryeo, so the installation of horse ranches was not urgent. On the other hand, in the Yuan dynasty interference period, Mongol horses were brought to Goryeo to install horse ranches on coasts and islands all over the country, but most of the horse ranches were abolished in the late Goryeo by seizing fodders and war horses. The second one is Suwon Dohobu's Hongwon cape, Yangya cape, and Pungdo ranches. Hongwon cape ranch was installed as a cattle ranch to grow cattle in the 13th year of Sejong, but was abolished 10 years later. However, Saboksi installed Wegu (外廐) there and grazed Naeguma horses. Yangya cape and Pungdo ranch were national level of horse ranches. For the matter of managing these two ranches, Suwon Dohobu of Gyesugwan and Namyangdohobu that was under the jurisdiction of Suwon Dohobu were confronted. The third one is the horse ranch installation of Namyangdohobu under the jurisdiction of the Suwon Dohobu. Namyangdohobu was subordinated to Suwon Dohobu is based on the historical data, “Dohobu is one, Namyang” for Suwon Dohobu's jurisdiction in “Sejong Sillok” Jiriji. There were 10 horse ranches belonging to Namyangdohobu, but Seongjong moved Deokjeokdo, Sayado ranch to Incheon Dohobu, Soholdo ranch to Ansan‐gun, and Pungdo ranch to Suwon Dohobu in the 17th year of Seongjong. And Yeongjongpo Manho, under the command of Namyangdohobu Gwado Sugun Cheomjeoljesa, a camp chief of military camp, also served as a ranch supervisor for six horse ranches. Chojiryang Manho also served as ranch supervisor for Soholdo and Ijakdo ranch under the direction of Seongjong.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.