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Attempts to strengthen the military power of Joseon before Byeongja Horan(丙子胡亂) and its limitations: Centered on securing troops and supplying military provisions during the early days of King Injo's reign.

Huh, Tae Koo 1

1가톨릭대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This paper examines the attempt to strengthen military power of Joseon and its limitations before Byeongja Horan. In particular, I focused on the securing of troops and the supply of military provosions during the early days of King Injo's reign. Through this, this paper sought to find out why the people of that age could not achieve successful armaments expansion despite the fact that they were fully aware of the weakness of the war effort. Insufficient number of trained soldiers, lack of provisions to support the troops were all issues that had been constantly reminded as weak spots of the Joseon army since the days of the Japanese invasion. Yet addressing such problems was not an easy job, due to financial problems and shortage of manpower. Only a series of full-scale reforms conducted on a society-wide basis would have brought difference to the situation, yet the Household Recognition Tag law(號牌法) and other reforms were being obstructed, as they were facing a strong political objection. Reinforcing the military and stabilizing the public lives were in nature contradictory causes, and such inner conflicts were being worsened by the so-called Mini Ice-age(小氷期) that hit the East Asian countries in the 17th century.In this situation, the enormous silver that was consumed to purchase favorable Ming envoys and the supply of provisions to Mao Wen-lung(毛文龍)'s troops stationed in Gado Island(椵島) put a considerable burden on Joseon's national finances. Fundamentally, the rapid strengthening of national defense forces at that time was difficult to coexist with the stability of the people and the long accumulation of financial resources.

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