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Supply and Demand System of iron equipment in Roman army

Bae Eun Suk 1

1계명대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study is to trace the change and the cause of the Roman unrestrained method. As a result of the study, during the period when only one army was established in the early days of the founding of Rome, the soldiers procured themselves the equipment from the local metalworkers and merchants at their own expense. It was possible to pre-produce it because it was able to know the kind of equipment required and the time needed, that is, the war season from March to October. The individual procurement method of the equipment was changed to the national procurement method in the 4th century BC. The reason is that the number of corpses has increased fourfold, that is, the situation of a sudden increase in demand. The existence of permanent workers in individual corps, the existence of technicians in corps, the existence of permanent users in fabrication and repair in corps suggest the possibility of individual corps to manufacture in the Roman Empire. The background of production by the legions is that the legionary soldiers did not need a large number of guns at once by reducing the size of the corps and reorganizing it into a standing army system. It was changed to the self-procurement system of the legions which manufactures and repairs the small items needed by the soldiers. In the third century, the legion of the corps was reduced to a small size. Since it became difficult to place a manufacturing engineer in the corps, it was changed to a system of collective manufacturing from a state-owned workplace. Thus, in the Roman Empire, the way of procuring iron artifacts changed from individual procurement to national procurement, from the corps' own supply to a nationwide supply system. In the background of the change, there was a change in the total demand.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.

This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.