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The time of construction and nature of the valley encircling fortresses, called as ‘Pogoksic’ one, on the flatland sites in the East Coast of Gangwon-do

youngho hong 1

1강원도교육청

Accredited

ABSTRACT

In the East Coast of Gangwon-do, there are valley encircling fortresses on the flatland sites that taken advantage of the natural mountain ridges as ramparts. Mostly the geographical features of mountains (north high and south low), and the east, southeast and south of the mountain fortresses lead to flatland, they had served as the entrance. And there used to be a river flowing in front and a farmland. Based on the folk materials regarding these mountain fortress, which have been handed down to us, many believe that they were constructed in the age of Yeguk (the Iron Age), the age of Three Kingdoms and the Unified Shilla period. But the researcher classified these types of mountain fortresses, and analyzed archeological materials and folk materials, and came to the conclusion that these mountain fortress cannot date back to the age of Yeguk (the Iron Age) and the age of Three Kingdoms. The researcher believes that only very few of these mountain fortresses were utilized in the Unified Shilla period, and most mountain fortresses were constructed and utilizeed during the Goryo Dynasty, and many of them were built and used at the end of the Goryo Dynasty and in the early Joseon Dynasty period. In this respect, caution must be exercised when these fortresses are used as base data for historical interpretation. The nature of these fortresses varies depending on their sizes, but as the mountain fortresses have a wells, people could live and seek protection in them, and as there are roof tiles, these mountain fortress may be related to the ruling class. In some mountain fortress, roof tiles bearing the name of the ‘official residence’ were excavated, and as the origins of names of places like ‘Jangan (seong),’ ‘Manho’ and ‘Jinjang’ have been handed down to us, they may be related to Chiso-seong (eup-seong and hyeon-seong), but most of them were controlled by them, or they can be seen as the administrative and military strongholds (villages) of local indigenous forces in charge of managing these fortresses. Furthermore, as some fortresses are located on the seashore, they are seen to have plated the role of non-regular marine transportation and ocean transportation bases on the East Coast, and the reason that these fortresses have a river flowing nearby may be related to transportation of goods.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.