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A Research on the Process of Making Korean war Escalation Plan in the United States

  • military history
  • 2019, (113), pp.43-86
  • DOI : 10.29212/mh.2019..113.43
  • Publisher : Military History Institute, MND
  • Research Area : Humanities > History
  • Received : October 4, 2019
  • Accepted : November 25, 2019
  • Published : December 15, 2019

Yoon HyunJin 1

1육군사관학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this paper is to analyse the Process of Making Korean war Escalation Plan in the United State. To this end, this paper differentiating the two periods based on when the U.S. administration was replaced from Harry S. Truman administration to the Dight D. Eisenhower administration. The focus of the analysis is on how the United States has coordinated its political and military views as the political goals of the war change. The U.S. has established OPLAN 8-52 and NSC-147. OPLAN 8-52 was drawn up mainly from the military view, while The NSC-147 was designed mainly on the context of coordinated political and military view. This is because the change in the political situation in the United States has changed the goal of war. Thus, the Eisenhower administration established the NSC-147 by coordinating its political and military views. This Paper has three implications. First, political views were not just a unilateral control of military views. and they were not just in conflict. The second is that the politics and the military's perception of war changed in the course of the Korean War. Finally, the case of this paper provides a good example of the relationship between politics and military in war planning.

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