본문 바로가기
  • Home

The Operation of the 2nd Infantry Division of the Korean People's Army during the Early Stage of the Korean War

  • military history
  • 2020, (116), pp.1-50
  • DOI : 10.29212/mh.2020..116.1
  • Publisher : Military History Institute, MND
  • Research Area : Humanities > History
  • Received : July 2, 2020
  • Accepted : August 25, 2020
  • Published : September 15, 2020

Park Huiseong 1

1육군본부

Accredited

ABSTRACT

It is hard to study the reality of North Korean Army. There are some reasons for that, above all, one of the the biggest reason is not easy to find and access to North Korean Army’s documents. However, in order to study the Korean War correctly, research on the North Korean Army is also very essential. Thus far, it is true that there are few studies focusing on the North Korean Army. Most were studied piecemeal in the course of studying the operations of the Korean and U.N. forces. For this reason, I selected one unit of the North Korean Army and analyzed it in detail. The unit is the Nk 2nd Infantry Division, which I have found the most documents. The 2nd Infantry Division of the Korean People's Army was the main offensive unit during the early stage of the Korean War. The 2nd Infantry Division stationed in Hamheung befor the war broke out, and then moved to the train and developed in Hwacheon during the early stage of war. And attacked Chuncheon on June 25, 1950. However, as the battle of Chuncheon was failed and the fitst mission had been changed. The 2nd Infantry Division went through Gapyeong and crossed the Han River from Paldang. In July, it moved to Anseong and Icheon through Gwangju and Yongin, then occupied Jincheon and Chongju. Afterwards, it took over the Hwanggan through Boeun and arrived at Gimcheon. In Gimcheon in August 1950, the 2nd Infantry Division was not allocated directly into the front line, but performed the task as the reserve forces, took a rest and need reorganization. It also carried out defense operations against the Korean and the U.N. armed forces. After that it worked hard to prepare for the cross-border operation of the Nakdong River. Finally, The 2nd Infantry Division was allocated into the Nakdong River in late August.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.