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The Estimating Number of Soldiers Mobilized during the period of Tang Taizong’s Aggression of Goguryo - The Number and its Implications of Tang’s Forces based on the amount of Army Provisions for the Forces -

Choi Jin Yeoul 1

1한국전통문화대학교 역사문화연구소

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This thesis is about estimating the number of soldiers mobilized during the period of the Tang Taizong’s aggression of Goguryo and clarifying the implications of the number. I estimated the number of Tang military forces participated in Anshi castle and Yodong(Liaodong in Chinese) castle battle, based on the provisions recorded in Ts'e-fu yuan-kui, New history of the Tang(Xin Tang shu), and Zizhi tongjian. I estimated the number of soldiers participated in Anshi castle and Yodong castle battle, ranging from 333,334(the record of Xin Tang shu) to 422,000(the record of Ts'e-fu yuan-kui) or ranging from 403,000 to 422,000 including Zhang Liang’s naval forces, whose figures were excluding the military forces commanded by Zhang Jian and others. If we consider the number of units transporting various materials as ships of the regular army, the Tang Taizong mobilized at least 11.97% or 11.36% of the whole population of the country. It means he mobilized at least 23.94% or 22.72% of the grown-up male population, which was a great burden on the subjects. This ratio of mobilization was higher than the 1st Invasion of Goguryeo(1.33 million mobilizations) by the Sui Yangdi who was criticized by Tang Taizong, which was one of the reasons for concealing the number of the military forces in Tang history records. This thesis has historical significance in that it becomes a breakthrough in re-evaluating the War of the High Command by accurately estimating the number of military personnel at the time of the invasion of Goguryeo by Tang Taizong and re-evaluated Tang Taizong, who was exaggerated in the image of a good and wise king.

Citation status

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