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Changes in war strategy and the establishment of a logistical support system in the early years of the Korean War

Sangho Lee 1

1국방부군사편찬연구소

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The history of the Pusan Logistical Command provides a clue to understanding the background of the Battle of the Nakdong River Defense Line, which determined the nature of the early Korean War, and the Operation Chromite that followed. In other words, the transition from the Pusan Base Command to the Pusan Logistical Command is a structural change of the command following a change in operations. Therefore, the goal of this thesis is to analyze the operation and role of the Pusan Logistical Command and its overall history. On July 13, 1950, the unexpectedly rapid advance of the North Korean army and the crushing defeat in the Daejeon area of the US 24th Division led MacArthur to change tactics. In other words, MacArthur's initial plan of the war, the Operation Blue-hearts, to block the invasion of the South by the North Korean army landing at Inchon using the US 1st Cavalry Division was frustrated. This changed the role of the small Pusan Base Command, which supported the USFK Command, which was mainly composed of the US 24th Division. The Base Command, which had been in charge of command and support until then, was reorganized into the Logistical Command, and the Pusan Base Command was changed to the Pusan Logistical Command. The Pusan Logistical Command was organized as a B-type Logistical Command. The Pusan Logistical Command was also responsible for handling mass refugees, receiving and supplying prisoners of war, and operating auxiliary ports such as Masan, Ulsan, Pohang, and Gunsan ports. It was assigned an additional supply mission to the US 10th Corps in Wonsan, on the east coast of Korea. On September 19, 1950, the Pusan Logistical Command was renamed the 2nd Logistical Command, a C-type logistical unit, as the responsibility for logistics support increased with the increase in combat units.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.