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Fragmented Reflection on Integration of South-North Korean Social Welfare

  • The Journal of Northeast Asia Research
  • Abbr : NEA
  • 2015, 30(1), pp.131-169
  • DOI : 10.18013/jnar.2015.30.1.005
  • Publisher : The Institute for Northeast Asia Research
  • Research Area : Social Science > Political Science > International Politics > International Relations / Cooperation

Lee, Chul soo 1

1신한대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This study is to analyze the operational and institutional integration issues of South-North Korean social welfare. Meanwhile, a summary of the direction of the integration of South and North Korean social welfare system, immediately following reunification as a focal point, would be as follows: ① Using South Korean institutions as a standard in gradual, and eventual introduction and application; ② South Korean institutional application accepted on premise, but with a separate payment standard (or a recalculation) immediately applied; ③ North Korean institutions are temporarily maintained and then later, South Korean institutions are then transferred and applied and introduced; ④ Apart from a specific institution, an immediate and special emergency relief (temporary) institution is introduced; ⑤ Conducted, and introduced in conjunction with specific institutions. Also, strategic tasks of South-North Korean social welfare ‘institutional integration’ can be summarized as follows. First, draw a realistic and rational integration strategy which is connected with labor and income. Second, minimize national anxiety towards the social welfare system in the aftermath of reunification. Third, prepare, in advance, an integration method/model by system, step, and target and scenario; relief-stability-enforcement- consolidation. Fourth, make a solution to meet South-North Korean people’s hopes and reduce their anxiety and financial burden. Fifth, expand the social safety net for the people of South and North Korea and to support to stabilize the livelihood of the North Koreans. Sixth, research and suggest a social welfare model for a reunified Korea.

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