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The Anti-Soviet & Anti-Communist Movements in North Korea After the Liberation of Korea

  • The Journal of Northeast Asia Research
  • Abbr : NEA
  • 2019, 34(2), pp.137-174
  • DOI : 10.18013/jnar.2019.34.2.005
  • Publisher : The Institute for Northeast Asia Research
  • Research Area : Social Science > Political Science > International Politics > International Relations / Cooperation
  • Received : November 16, 2019
  • Accepted : December 24, 2019
  • Published : December 31, 2019

Kee Kwang Seo 1

1조선대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this paper is to identify the occurrences and major events of anti-soviet & anti-communism movement after the liberation of Korea, and to examine their general characteristics. The opposition to Soviet troops and the Communist Party continued shortly after liberation, and their ideological underpinnings were established by the policies and education of the former Japanese authorities. The most active among them were terrorist organizations from the South, centered on Baeg-uisa('White Clothes Society'), and the forces involved. The organized resistance of the students was actively made in the Sinuiju student Incident, Anti-trusteeship movement, Anti-land reform movement. During Provincial, city and county people's committees elections the Christian protest was actually the last organized mass resistance. Since 1947, the organizational resistance of the anti-Soviet forces was virtually ended by communist institutional and physical measures. Because of this, the anti-Soviet forces had become increasingly dependent on terrorism and sporadic resistance. After the liberation of Korea, the activities of anti-communist forces in North Korea were not systematically expanded and were isolated from the public. In the space of the liberation, their arguments did not have sufficient justification, and they lacked their political and organizational strengths to overcome the political environment led by the Communist Party.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.

This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.