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Comparative Study on the Heungbu Story of Korea and the Tongue-cut Sparrow of Japan, and Cultural Education

  • Journal of Humanities
  • 2008, (41), pp.103-134
  • Publisher : Institute for Humanities
  • Research Area : Humanities > Other Humanities

김응교 1

1숙명여자대학교

Candidate

ABSTRACT

This article discusses ways in which we can use premodern tales as educational tools to teach and compare different cultures. In particular, I compare the comparative cultural study on Korea’s premodern Korean tale called, "The Story of Heungbu story" with and Japan’s "The Tongue-cut Sparrows" with analyzing how the cultural education can be teach. The authors of these two stories are unknown and they have been remade and recreated by numerous people throughout time. As popular literature, they were enjoyed by the common people and are still widely read even today. The Japanese mukasibanasi(昔話) like "The Tongue-cut Sparrow" was used for mental training and to indoctrinate the so called, “Japanese Spirit” at the time of the Pacific War. "The Story of Heungbu story" was also printed in textbooks for Naisen Ittai (内鮮一体, The Oneness of Home-Japan and Korea) around the same time. Furthermore I examine changes in the symbolic meaning of the sparrow and swallow which in the two stories. By doing so, I compare the differences and similarities between Japanese and Korean cultures that have cultural roots in shamanism. Specifically, by comparing the symbolic meaning of the paste, gourd, cow, and horse, we could see the cultural differencese between Korea and Japan. By describing the overall structure of resembled various characteristics of Korean drama, namely Hallyu(韓流), which tend to focus on melodrama and stress to the tears and feeling(情). Thus by comparing the symbol of two works, we can better understand the culture of Korea and Japan and even compare them to the current Korean capitalistic society which harbors desire to be like Nolbu.

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