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Cultural principle of Katholikos and mosaic thinking

  • Journal of Humanities
  • 2008, (42), pp.155-184
  • Publisher : Institute for Humanities
  • Research Area : Humanities > Other Humanities
  • Received : June 17, 2008
  • Accepted : August 8, 2008

Duck-Hyung LEE 1

1성균관대학교

Candidate

ABSTRACT

Greek adjective katholikos(catholic; English adjective) meant ‘universal’ or ‘general’ as opposed to particular or individual. Early Christian Fathers such as Ignatius of Antioch seem to use ‘catholic’ with the meaning of ‘universal, everywhere’, as opposed to the heretical churches. At that time another word that church used to describe itself was ‘orthodox’, which meant ‘doctrinally correct’. Both words Catholic/Orthodox were used in the early centuries for the establishment of the five ancient Patriarchs(of Rome, Constantinople, Alexandria, Antioch and Jerusalem). The formation of the theological views of the Church Fathers is considered in the context of the christian Universalism as one of the cultural principle of pluralism, which could be compared with financial globalization of our ages. So, the main attention of our study is focused on the analogy between katholikos and cultural globalization on the basis of the mosaic thinking.

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