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Defamiliarization, Familiarization - Bishop's Psychological Perspective -

  • Journal of Humanities
  • 2009, (44), pp.147-171
  • Publisher : Institute for Humanities
  • Research Area : Humanities > Other Humanities
  • Received : June 22, 2009
  • Accepted : July 28, 2009

Myungok Yoon 1

1경원대학교

Candidate

ABSTRACT

Elizabeth Bishop likes the descriptions put into perspective in her poetry. The questions which are near or far away or wherever is where are her major interest lies. But unlike the usual artist-centered perspective, being free from a fixed idea, she makes the center-locations change and move, producing a defamiliarization of what was before ordinary. Therefore, in her poetry, sceneries or things can be used as subjects and they can make artists as objects and locate them far away or near in their own sceneries. She also expands this geographical perspective to a psychological perspective by using abstract factors, metaphors and workings of mind. Bishop's psychological perspective makes readers feel near or far away psychologically, as if they were looking near or far away sceneries in perspective, through mixed hope and anxiety which are transmitted to readers' mind, which is achieved by the poetic device of the mixing of defamiliarization and familiarization, in other words, changing what is familiar into something unfamiliar. The poems in Bishop's Geography III are in a perspective composition of anxiety and relief by continuing to move between defamiliarization and familiarization. But this interweaving is not bisecting or controversial, but coexists and integrates with each other.

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