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A Study of the Mind-Body Theory in Spinoza -Related to Strawson’s Person Theory-

  • Journal of Humanities
  • 2011, (48), pp.115-139
  • Publisher : Institute for Humanities
  • Research Area : Humanities > Other Humanities
  • Received : July 14, 2011
  • Accepted : August 24, 2011

Sam-Yel Park 1

1숭실대학교

Candidate

ABSTRACT

Since Desecrate clearly distinguished mind and the body as substance thinking and substance extended, mind-body issue has formed the main question of philosophy. Spinoza, the successor of Desecrate, acknowledged the one substance and in a position of regarding mind and body as two parts of identical substance, tried to overcome the problem of mind-body theory in Desecrate. In this paper, I considered Spinoza’s mind-body theory with the emphasis on Ethica. Especially, in chapter Ⅴ, by examining Spinoza’s doubleaspect theory with its modified theories of Strawson’s person theory, it is defined that Spinoza’s mind-body theory can provide a clue on mind-body issue that is discussed in contemporary philosophy of mind. It can be said that there are two main achievement Spinoza had made in the field of mind-body theory. First, he was the first philosopher who clearly opposed to the dualism thinking of mind and body which the idea had generally flown from Platon at the beginning and through the Middle Age, the Renaissance and to Desecrate. Second, Spinoza’s thought on mind and body seemed to promise real insight into the nature of mind and body in contemporary philosophy of mind as Spinoza’s double-aspect theory continued to Strawson. Spinoza’s double aspect theory which is a kind of neutral monism tried to solve the mind-body problem by overcoming identity theory, despite the fact that they are both monism. For this reason, though Spinoza’s mind-body theory was in many aspects insufficient, it is worth to put much importance on his theory. Spinoza’s mind-body theory dealt in this paper has the purpose of seeking the settlement of mind-body issue by searching from the very root of its origin. In addition, it is believed that Spinoza’s mind-body theory implies the possibility of the settlement to be made as one valuable classic theory.

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