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A Study of Communication between Avant-garde Dramas and Visual Art

  • Journal of Humanities
  • 2015, (59), pp.135-158
  • Publisher : Institute for Humanities
  • Research Area : Humanities > Other Humanities
  • Received : September 30, 2015
  • Accepted : October 26, 2015

Kiil Kim 1

1숭실대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This purpose of this study is to examine a change of mode in avant-garde art that was popular in Europe in the early 20th century and was at first referred to as a performing and visual art belonging to Dada and surrealism. Combination of language and images that form the characteristics of visual art shows the communication and the similarity of the art genres appearing in the avant-garde art. This study has investigated the early 20th century European avant-garde art in surrealist theater and visual art as a basic project to pave the way for a new style of art in the era of visual culture. This study delved into how the avant-garde art exceeded the limit of the “rule of three unities” in traditional theater and aimed to develop the concept of the space of theater. This extension of the play sector broke down the physical limitation of the actual space of stage. Furthermore, it attempted to freely express the complex emotions and thoughts beyond the limit of time constraints. In particular, Freud’s new theory that the unconscious dominates the conscious exerted a great impact on the culture and art of the West. Picasso and Cubism showed an evident tendency to pursue the style of other surrealists in terms of what they visualize the invisible, which were committed to visualizing the unconscious. Then Ionesco’s Theater of the Absurd visualized what is invisible, such as spatialization, emotions, thoughts, and memories of dreams; languages were projected onto the stage. And Robert Lepage presented an image theater that achieved the expansion of a theater stage through the images. Beyond the traditional theatrical elements that form dialogues, monologues and narrations based on the time of stage, there emerged a new theater visualizing the inner feelings and imagination and forming a physical theater stage. And the uses of staging and visual media were intended to expand the limited stage space further through the ultimate stage of visualization for the audience.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.

This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.