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A Study on the Scholarly Culture of Beijing Xuannan in the 18th Century from the Perspective of Jehol Diary

  • Journal of Humanities
  • 2018, (69), pp.135-172
  • DOI : 10.31310/HUM.069.05
  • Publisher : Institute for Humanities
  • Research Area : Humanities > Other Humanities
  • Received : March 22, 2018
  • Accepted : May 23, 2018
  • Published : May 31, 2018

Chen Bingbing 1 Hao Jun Feng 2

1베이징제2외국어대학교
2對外經濟貿易大學 外國語學院

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ABSTRACT

The paper aims to examine the scholarly culture of Beijing Xuannan in the 18th century based on the analysis of Jehol Diary written by Bak Jiwon, a noted scholar of the Northern School in the late Joseon dynasty. The culture of Xuannan is an important element for understanding the culture of Beijing. In the Qing dynasty, the government carried out a residential policy according to which the literati and the scholars of the Han nationality were permitted to dwell only in the area of Xuannan. As time went on, the scholarly culture of the Han nationality literati became a symbol of the Xuannan culture. Scholars gathered here for academic and literary exchanges and promoted the development of Chinese culture and arts in the 18th century. The essence of culture at all times and in all places converged on Xuannan, which became a holy land in the hearts of Chinese and foreign scholars. In 1780, Bak Jiwon traveled to China as a member of the government delegation and wrote the famous Jehol Diary. The book records Chinese politics, economy, culture and customs in detail as well as the cultural exchanges between Chinese and Korean literary scholars and intellectuals. He made a lot of efforts to describe Beijing Xuannan culture which includes: the literary trends of the 18th century China; communications among scholars in the Liulichang street and the bookstore culture there; Western learning; and other aspects. This dissertation not only focuses on the aspects of the Xuannan culture mentioned in Jehol Diary by Bak Jiwon as the main research topic but also explores the understanding of the Xuannan culture among the scholars of the Joseon dynasty.

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