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The Fourth Industrial Revolution and Democratization in the Workplace

  • Journal of Humanities
  • 2018, (71), pp.37-70
  • DOI : 10.31310/HUM.071.02
  • Publisher : Institute for Humanities
  • Research Area : Humanities > Other Humanities
  • Received : October 14, 2018
  • Accepted : November 5, 2018
  • Published : November 30, 2018

Jong Kwan Lee 1

1성균관대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Since 2016, South Korea has taken part in the Fourth Industrial Revolution and has endeavored to stand at the forefront of the global movement. However, the nation’s vision for the Fourth Industrial Revolution still relies heavily on the 4th Industrial Report of the World Economic Forum (WEF), which is led by Davos Forum, and has been biased toward the market-oriented technology. The government has declared a human-centered fourth industrial revolution, but the discussions over and the studies about humans are not easily found. At the present time—being the starting point of the Fourth Industrial Revolution—the number of antisocial economic activities such as the speculation on real estate and virtual currency is rising. In this context, this paper critically examines our current economic and cultural situation and reveals human existence as Homo Culturalis in order to make the Fourth Industrial Revolution a truly human-centered revolution. By re-illuminating the Fourth Industrial Revolution of Germany which has enjoyed a socio-economic prosperity based on the human understanding of Homo Culturalis from the perspective of its social market economy, the paper identifies the locomotive power of the Fourth Industrial Revolution as democratization in the workplace, rather than artificial intelligence (AI). In conclusion, the paper deals with the future role of the enterprises—which are the actual driving force of the Fourth Industrial Revolution in South Korea— after drawing the implications from the case study of the Fourth Industrial Revolution in Germany.

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* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.

This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.