본문 바로가기
  • Home

The Self-Model Theory of Thomas Metzinger and the Posthuman Self

  • Journal of Humanities
  • 2022, (87), pp.223-246
  • DOI : 10.31310/HUM.087.08
  • Publisher : Institute for Humanities
  • Research Area : Humanities > Other Humanities
  • Received : September 25, 2022
  • Accepted : October 10, 2022
  • Published : November 30, 2022

Eung Jun Kim 1

1공주대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This study starts from the premise that we have entered the post-human era in which the ideality of humanism-based human understanding is replaced by scientific and technological objectivity. In this premise, this study aims to examine the possibilities and limitations of the natural sciences, including neuroscience, on the premise of the emergence of the post-human self. On the one hand, the posthuman age of science and technology claims the annihilation of the self, but on the other hand, it talks about the transformational persistence of the self, not the extinction of the self. What is at issue is the danger of technological self-reconstruction that denies or ignores this viability. The self in the posthuman era presented by Thomas Metzinger perceives the world based on the human body. In other words, the brain's self-formation process works with the empirical world model that occurs through an interaction with the meaning components of human life. The ego, which exists while being influenced by and interacting with the external world, accepts all of its internal and external ontological environmental conditions, and at the same time generates a feeling of 'I' through it. Thus, the self can be ‘experienced’ but does not actually ‘exist’. This model asserts the transformation and relativity of the ego, unlike the absoluteness of the ego that traditional humanism maintains. From this point of view, this study accepts the extinction of the traditional humanism-based self, and at the same time attempts to examine the inherent dangers of the scientific and technological reprocessing of self-consciousness asserted by science and technology centralism.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.

This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.