본문 바로가기
  • Home

Controversies over the Failure of the Russo-Japanese Negotiations among the Causes of the Russo-Japanese War - Focusing on the Records of the Special Committee for the Far East Abaza and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs Ramsdorf -

  • Journal of Humanities
  • 2022, (87), pp.247-284
  • DOI : 10.31310/HUM.087.09
  • Publisher : Institute for Humanities
  • Research Area : Humanities > Other Humanities
  • Received : October 4, 2022
  • Accepted : October 13, 2022
  • Published : November 30, 2022

Lee Hang Jun 1

1서울여자대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

During the Russo-Japanese negotiations, the Special Committee for the Far East linked Manchuria and Korea issues, while the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs limited it to only the Korean issues. Abaza, secretary general of the Special Committee for the Far East, argued that the failure of the Russo-Japanese negotiations among the causes of the Russo-Japanese War was basically a Manchurian problem rather than a Korean one. Abaza decided that it was a Manchurian issue, not a Korean issue, as the Yalu River Forestry Company was included in Russia's defense strategy for Manchuria. Abaza emphasized that the Russo-Japanese War did not arise as a Korean problem because Russia had conceded even the “The watershed of Paektu Mountain (白頭山)”. However, Minister of Foreign Affairs Ramsdorf argued that the failure of the Russo-Japanese negotiations among the causes of the Russo-Japanese War was basically the Korean problem, not the Manchuria one. Russia's Foreign Ministry claimed that Abaza, secretary general of the Special Committee for the Far East, intervened in the Russo-Japanese negotiations without the Ministry of Foreign Affairs' approval and conducted secret negotiations directly with the Japanese minister in Russia, leading to the failure of the Russia-Japan negotiations. According to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Russia, if nonaggression against China had been confirmed as an obligation of Russia, Japan would have strongly demanded that the provisions of the Manchuria-related treaty be included. Russia's Foreign Ministry argued that the separation of the Chinese issue was rather advantageous for the Russo-Japanese negotiations. In conclusion, the Russian imperial power could finally yield Korea to Japan both economically and militarily, but could not yield only the boundary of the ‘The watershed of Paektu Mountain’ in order to protect ‘The Yalu River Forestry Company’. It means that among the causes of the Russo-Japanese War, it was a decisive factor for the failure of the Russo-Japanese negotiations.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.