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The effect of mindfulness on happiness in middle and high school students: The dual mediating effect of gratitude and self-esteem

  • Industry Promotion Research
  • Abbr : IPR
  • 2024, 9(2), pp.59-67
  • DOI : 10.21186/IPR.2024.9.2.059
  • Publisher : Industrial Promotion Institute
  • Research Area : Interdisciplinary Studies > Interdisciplinary Research
  • Received : March 30, 2024
  • Accepted : April 15, 2024
  • Published : April 30, 2024

Deok Hyung Kim 1 Eun Mi Shin 2 Chang Seek Lee 1

1한서대학교
2새론가족심리상담센터

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This study aims to confirm the dual mediating effect of gratitude and self-esteem in the relationship between mindfulness and happiness in middle and high school students and to provide basic data that can improve happiness. The study subjects were middle and high school students living in S City in South Chungcheong Province, and data were collected through a survey. For collected data analysis, SPSS PC+ Win. ver. 25.0 and SPSS PROCESS macro ver. 4.2 were used. Data were analyzed by applying frequency analysis, reliability analysis, correlation analysis, and double mediation effect analysis techniques. As a result of the study, first, there was a significant positive correlation between mindfulness, gratitude, self-esteem, and happiness. In particular, there was the highest correlation between gratitude and self-esteem. Second, gratitude and self-esteem had a double mediating effect in the relationship between mindfulness and happiness in middle and high school students. These results can be used as a new practice model to improve happiness by utilizing psychological variables such as mindfulness, gratitude, and self-esteem for middle and high school students.

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