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The effect of retirement anxiety of middle-aged office workers on the midlife crisis: The mediating effect of gratitude and moderated mediating effect of self-esteem

  • Industry Promotion Research
  • Abbr : IPR
  • 2024, 9(2), pp.153-162
  • DOI : 10.21186/IPR.2024.9.2.153
  • Publisher : Industrial Promotion Institute
  • Research Area : Interdisciplinary Studies > Interdisciplinary Research
  • Received : February 26, 2024
  • Accepted : March 28, 2024
  • Published : April 30, 2024

Chang Mi Woo 1 Chang Seek Lee 2

1군장대학교
2한서대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This study aims to provide basic data that can reduce middle-aged office workers' sense of mid-life crisis by investigating whether self-esteem moderates the effect of middle-aged office workers' retirement anxiety on their sense of mid-life crisis through gratitude. The survey subjects were 313 middle-aged office workers aged 40 to 65, and the data was analyzed using SPSS Win. Ver. 25 and PSS PROCESS macro Ver. 4.1. Descriptive statistical analysis, reliability analysis, correlation analysis, and moderated mediation effect analysis were applied. The research results are as follows. First, retirement anxiety showed a negative correlation with gratitude and self-esteem and a positive correlation with midlife crisis sense. Self-esteem played a moderated mediating role in buffering the effect of retirement anxiety on the midlife crisis sense through gratitude. It was confirmed that the gratitude and self-esteem of middle-aged office workers can be used as important variables that can act as protective factors when retirement anxiety increases the sense of mid-life crisis. Based on these results, when middle-aged office workers' anxiety about retirement hurts their sense of mid-life crisis, this study proposed a plan to prevent the sense of mid-life crisis by utilizing gratitude and self-esteem.

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