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A Comparative Study on Young John Allen’s Wen Xue Xing Guo Ce and Park Eunsik’s “Xing Xue Shuo”

  • Journal of Asia-Pacific Studies
  • Abbr : JAPS
  • 2017, 24(4), pp.107-128
  • DOI : 10.18107/japs.2017.24.4.004
  • Publisher : Institute of Global Affairs
  • Research Area : Social Science > Social Science in general
  • Received : November 17, 2017
  • Accepted : December 14, 2017
  • Published : December 30, 2017

Soon-Bang Oh 1 Wang, Chang-Jiang 1

1숭실대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

In 1873, Mori Arinori(1847-1889) was the Minister of the Meiji Restoration Japan government in the United States. The same year, Education in Japan, an English book of modern American educational system and a brief history of Japan was edited and published in New York by Mori. In 1896, The Chinese translation of the book was translated by American Missionary Young John Allen(1836-1907) and Chinese Ren Tingxu, and was published in Shanghai named as Wen Xue Xing Guo Ce; The publication of the Chinese version aroused great interest of the Chinese intellectuals at that time, and had a positive influence on the brewing of the reform thought in the late Qing Dynasty. With the expansion of the influence, the book was introduced into Korea; In 1901, Korea’s Modern Enlightenment thinker Park Eunsik(1859-1925) reference the Chinese version and wrote an article named as “Xing Xue Shuo” submitted to the Imperial Educational Ministry of Korea Empire. He combines the concept about survival of the fittest, and the decadent situation of Korean society at that time in the paper, and combining the merits of the western education system, especially American education system, puts forward proposals for reforming the education of Korea Empire; Park Eunsik “Xing Xue Shuo” as the first Dynasty of Korean education reform program that has significance on the formation of pioneer modern educational system in korea. This paper is the first to study Young J. Allen and Park Eunsik’s two works. So it has positive significance.

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