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Transition Discourse in the Climate Crisis Era and the Dilemma of Extractivism: The case of the Amazon in Northern Ecuador

  • Journal of Asia-Pacific Studies
  • Abbr : JAPS
  • 2022, 29(4), pp.39-66
  • DOI : 10.18107/japs.2022.29.4.002
  • Publisher : Institute of Global Affairs
  • Research Area : Social Science > Social Science in general
  • Received : November 16, 2022
  • Accepted : December 19, 2022
  • Published : December 30, 2022

Seo Ji Hyun 1

1부경대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

In recent times, the transition discussions that have been actively developing at home and abroad in relation to the climate crisis are focusing on the transformation (or transition) of the development model. This study focuses on the case of Ecuador in Latin America, which has been actively pursuing these discussions before our country. Since the 1990s, the Buen Vivir discourse has been formed by indigenous movement as a transition discourse, distancing from the mainstream development model based on extractivism. It has since evolved into an umbrella term in Latin America that encompasses various alternatives to the mainstream model of development. Meanwhile, in Ecuador, the regime of Rafael Correa, which came to power in 2007, drafted a new constitution based on the concept of Buen Vivir and implemented various alternative policies. This study analyses the Buen Vivir discourse and its practice in Ecuador, focusing on the case of the northern Ecuadorian Amazon. While civil society proposed Post-oil development as a radical practice of the Buen Vivir discourse, the Correa regime faced the dilemma between Post-oil development and extractivism in a phased process of action that took into account the various interests of realpolitik. By analysing the dilemmas in Ecuador’s transition discourse and practice, this study draws implications for transition in the era of climate crisis.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.