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Representation of Hokkaido and its Surroundings in Old Western Maps of the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries

  • Journal of the Korean Cartographic Association
  • Abbr : JKCA
  • 2010, 10(1), pp.13-25
  • Publisher : The Korean Cartographic Association
  • Research Area : Social Science > Geography > Geography in general > Cartography

JUNG,IN-CHUL 1

1부산대학교

Candidate

ABSTRACT

The survey and mapping of Hokkaido and its surroundings played an important role in the European Recognition of Korea Peninsula and East sea. The purpose of this study is to consider cartographic representation of this area in old western maps of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. By the sixteenth century, European knowledge of this area was very limited. So Western cartographers positioned Japan as a large island in the middle of the Pacific, and they did not represented this area. B0ut the mapping of this area received a turning point by the Sicilian Jesuit Girolamo de Angelis as early as 1621. Sir Robert Dudley quoted Anglelis’ report and described this area in relation with Korean Peninsula. In the middle of the seventeenth century, Maerten Vries’ discovery confused geography of this area, when he received one of the Kurils to be continental. His quest influenced mapmakers for more than a century. We classified representation types of this area in six categories. Apart from Vris’ quest, we considered also the cause of mapping error of this area with the map of Japan brought to Europe by Engelbert Kaempfe.

Citation status

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